The following strategies can help keep acute kidney injury and other threats to your kidneys at bay. Common-sense steps that guard against heart disease, diabetes and other major health threats can protect your kidneys, too.

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Limit your intake of salty foods; consume no more than 1,500 milligrams of sodium daily.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • If you have high cholesterol or diabetes, take all medications as directed.
  • Don't smoke.
  • Get your blood pressure checked regularly. If you're prescribed blood pressure–lowering drugs, take them as instructed.
  • Talk to your doctor about your use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil) and naproxen (Aleve).
  • Drink alcohol only in moderation.
  • See your doctor for routine physical exams.

Source: Prepared by the Editors of The Johns Hopkins Medical Letter: Health After 50

Publication Review By: the Editorial Staff at

Published: 11 Jul 2013

Last Modified: 23 Sep 2014