Signs and Symptoms of Prerenal ARF

Symptoms of prerenal ARF include the following:

  • Dizziness
  • Dry mouth
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Slack skin
  • Thirst
  • Weight loss

Urine output is usually low in people with prerenal ARF. The patient also may have symptoms of heart or liver disease.

Prerenal ARF Complications

Many prerenal ARF patients are critically ill and require admission to an intensive care unit. They may suffer from severe infection, such as viral hepatitis. Decreased perfusion can cause acute organ failure, such as cardiac or liver failure. Symptoms of heart failure include:

  • Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
  • Edema (fluid retention and swelling)
  • Venous engorgement

Symptoms of liver failure include:

  • Confusion, disorientation, stupor
  • Sweet, ammoniacal odor

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 01 May 2001

Last Modified: 12 Oct 2011