A-B-C-D-E Plan for Staying Healthy for Patients with Angina
A is for aspirin
For most people with angina, 75–162 mg aspirin is recommended daily as protection against heart attack—provided the benefits of aspirin outweigh the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. Talk to your doctor about the exact dose that's right for you.
B is for blood pressure
Your blood pressure should be below 140/90 mm Hg (and below 120/80 is even better). If you have diabetes or chronic kidney disease, ask your doctor for optimal levels. Exercise, a low-salt diet and medication help get numbers down.
C is for cholesterol
Aim for less than 200 mg/dL total cholesterol and less than 130 mg/dL of LDL (bad) cholesterol. HDL (good) cholesterol should be above 40 mg/dL for men, 50 mg/dL for women; triglycerides should be below 150 mg/dL.
D is for diet and weight control
Choose fruits, veggies, whole grains, fish and lean meat.
- Keep saturated fats (in red meat, for instance) below 7 percent of total calories
- Avoid trans fats (in processed snack foods)
- Get your body mass index (BMI) below 25
E is for exercise
Get at least 30 minutes of moderate-level activity, such as walking, five days per week. But talk to your doctor first and get his or her okay. Depending on your health, you may be best starting off with a supervised exercise program.