Treatment of anxiety does not always require medication. The use of anti-anxiety drugs depends in part on whether the person can tolerate his or her symptoms while learning to manage them. Other treatment measures—some of which may be designed to give people with anxiety a feeling of control over their symptoms—include:

  • Psychotherapy
  • Stress-reducing therapies such as progressive muscle relaxation, biofeedback, or, less commonly, yoga, self-hypnosis, or meditation
  • Other treatments (e.g., cranial electrotherapy stimulation [CES])

If you suffer from anxiety, you can help yourself by getting adequate sleep, exercising (which aids sleep and improves self-esteem), and avoiding caffeine and alcohol.

Often a person has more than one anxiety disorder; determining exactly which disorders are present can lead to better treatment. As with mood disorders, a careful evaluation by a health professional is the first step in treatment. Depending on the severity of anxiety symptoms, treatment can be managed by your primary care physician or a specialist.

Updated by Remedy Health Media

Publication Review By: Karen L. Swartz, M.D.; Debra Emmite, M.D.

Published: 06 Mar 2011

Last Modified: 18 Dec 2014