- Vaccinations for diphtheria, tetanus, measles, rubella and polio should be kept current.
- Get prompt treatment for infections, especially those of the upper respiratory system.
- Patient history and physical examination
- Blood tests to check for recent infection or signs of inflammation in the body.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG), which measures the electrical activity of the heart.
- Endomyocardial biopsy (removal of a small sample of heart muscle with a needle for microscopic analysis) provides a definitive diagnosis.
Johns Hopkins Symptoms and Remedies: The Complete Home Medical Reference
Simeon Margolis, M.D., Ph.D., Medical Editor
Prepared by the Editors of The Johns Hopkins Medical Letter: Health After 50
Updated by Remedy Health Media