Myocarditis Prevention

  • Vaccinations for diphtheria, tetanus, measles, rubella and polio should be kept current.
  • Get prompt treatment for infections, especially those of the upper respiratory system.

Myocarditis Diagnosis

  • Patient history and physical examination
  • Blood tests to check for recent infection or signs of inflammation in the body.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG), which measures the electrical activity of the heart.
  • Endomyocardial biopsy (removal of a small sample of heart muscle with a needle for microscopic analysis) provides a definitive diagnosis.


Johns Hopkins Symptoms and Remedies: The Complete Home Medical Reference

Simeon Margolis, M.D., Ph.D., Medical Editor

Prepared by the Editors of The Johns Hopkins Medical Letter: Health After 50

Updated by Remedy Health Media

Publication Review By: the Editorial Staff at

Published: 16 Nov 2011

Last Modified: 04 Nov 2014