How Myocarditis Is Treated

  • Most cases subside in a few weeks without medical treatment. Studies have indicated that exercise may be risky for those with myocarditis, so all strenuous activity should be avoided. Bed rest is generally recommended in severe cases during convalescence to minimize the workload on the heart. A low-salt diet and abstinence from alcohol may also be advised.
  • Antibiotics are prescribed for bacterial infection.
  • In some cases corticosteroid drugs may be prescribed to reduce inflammation of the myocardium and to speed recovery.
  • Appropriate medications may be needed to treat congestive heart failure or arrhythmias.
  • In very severe cases heart transplantation may be recommended for congestive heart failure.

When to Call a Doctor

Call a doctor if you develop the symptoms of myocarditis, especially if you have a recent history of infection.


Johns Hopkins Symptoms and Remedies: The Complete Home Medical Reference

Simeon Margolis, M.D., Ph.D., Medical Editor

Prepared by the Editors of The Johns Hopkins Medical Letter: Health After 50

Updated by Remedy Health Media

Publication Review By: the Editorial Staff at

Published: 16 Nov 2011

Last Modified: 04 Nov 2014