Infantile colic is a benign condition—it does not produce long-lasting harmful effects. The prognosis (expected outcome) for infants who have colic is very good. These babies usually grow and gain weight properly and they are not at increased risk for medical problems, either during infancy or later in life. Once the condition resolves (usually by about 4 months of age), infantile colic is not associated with a difficult temperament.
Colic cannot be prevented in all cases. Parents and caregivers should follow the advice of a qualified health care provider (e.g., pediatrician) or lactation consultant regarding proper feeding techniques and soothing strategies. In some cases, eliminating certain foods (e.g., wheat products, eggs, dairy products) from a nursing mother's diet may be helpful.
To help reduce the effects of colic, identify which soothing measures work best for your baby early on and obtain as much help as possible from family members and friends. Remember, infantile colic is temporary and does not result in medical problems.