Oral Medication

Short-acting oral corticosteroids inhibit immune reactions that cause inflammation and trigger asthma attacks. They should be taken with food or milk. Types and usual daily dosages of oral steroids include:

  • Medrol (methylprednisolone)—4-48 mg at first; may be increased
  • Prednisone—5-60 mg at first; may be increased

These drugs are not for immediate relief of asthma attack. They may reduce resistance to infection, raise blood pressure, or cause cataracts or glaucoma. Do not stop taking oral corticosteroids without first talking to your doctor.

Oral Corticosteroid Side Effects

Short-acting corticosteroids may cause increased appetite, insomnia, indigestion, rise in blood pressure, weight gain, osteoporosis, fluid retention. Medrol may cause dizziness, flushing, headache, sweating. Call your doctor if you experience frequent urination, mental or mood changes.

Publication Review By: Peter B. Terry, M.D., M.A.

Published: 24 Jun 2013

Last Modified: 24 Jun 2013