Surgical Treatment for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Types of surgery that may be used to treat COPD include the following:

Lung Volume Reduction Surgery & COPD

In lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS), the upper portions of the diseased lungs are removed. How the procedure improves symptoms and lung function for some patients is not well understood. Possibly, the chest wall and breathing muscles return to a place of mechanical advantage. Or perhaps the elastic recoil of the lungs improves as a result. There is a large multicenter study being performed to determine the benefits of surgery and how to qualify candidates for the procedure. The current selection criteria are very restrictive; only 20%-40% of patients qualify.

Lung Transplantation & COPD

Single or double lung transplantation may be an option for some severe cases. Many selection criteria have to be met and they vary from facility to facility.

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 31 May 2000

Last Modified: 10 Sep 2015