In addition to the main criteria for diagnosis, several other symptoms are common to depression. These include the following:

  • Withdrawal (i.e., from family, friends, work, school)
  • Quitting activities previously enjoyed (e.g., sports, hobbies)
  • Violence (especially in depressed adolescents and the elderly)
  • Inability to cry despite the urge
  • Generalized negative views
  • Memory loss (i.e., plans, short-term)
  • Slumped posture, especially when at rest
  • Lack of facial expression
  • Repeated loss of concentration, often with trance-like staring
  • Substance dependency (e.g., alcoholism, illicit drug use)
  • Disregard for appearance and personal hygiene
  • Compulsion that affects most normal activities
  • Recurrent need to get away, leave town, or talk of this need

Publication Review By: the Editorial Staff at

Published: 03 Feb 2001

Last Modified: 11 Sep 2013