Prevent Diabetes Complications

To prevent or delay the development of complications from type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you need to take a proactive role in the management of your health care. This includes making regular visits to your primary care physician and other professionals on your health care team.

How frequently you see each member of your team varies, but, in general, individuals with diabetes should have a comprehensive physical once a year and have their diabetes assessed at least every six months.

During these visits, you may undergo tests and exams that indicate how well you are maintaining your health and if any complications of diabetes are emerging or progressing. Individuals with diabetes should know about the tests and exams their doctors perform, the goal for each test and exam, and how often each is typically done.

Consumer Alert: False Claims

According to our sister publication, Diabetes Focus, Summer 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has begun cracking down on illegally sold diabetes products. Steer clear of items that claim to "lower blood sugar naturally," "replace your diabetes medicine," or "relieve symptoms of diabetes." They may contain harmful ingredients or be unsafe, the FDA says.

If you experience any adverse health effects from such products, report them online at or call 1.800.FDA.1088 (1.800.332.1088).

Publication Review By: Written by: Christopher D. Saudek, M.D.; Simeon Margolis, M.D., Ph.D.

Published: 21 Apr 2009

Last Modified: 11 Sep 2015