Epididymitis and Orchitis Prevention
Since the most common cause for acute cases is a sexually transmitted infection, safer sex (e.g., use of latex condoms during sex) can significantly reduce the risk for infection of the epididymes and testicles. Treating underlying bladder obstruction problems (e.g., enlarged prostate treatment) and limiting mumps exposure are also important. Mumps prevention includes getting the MMR (mumps, measles, rubella) vaccine and limiting exposure to people who are infected.
Reducing the use of urinary catheterization, or ensuring proper methods, may also help prevent inflammation and infection. Appropriate medical care can help reduce the risk for infection in men with compromised immunity.