Prognosis for Men with Epididymitis or Orchitis

In most acute cases, normal function of the testicles and epididymes returns if the underlying problem is treated adequately. Mumps orchitis usually resolves by itself within a few days, although atrophy (shrinkage) may remain. Chronic cases are difficult to treat, and even surgical removal of the testicle may not successfully relieve pain in the scrotal area.

In some cases, these conditions result in lasting atrophy, fertility problems, or testosterone deficiency. Patients who closely follow the instructions of a qualified health care provider have the best outcomes.

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 14 May 2007

Last Modified: 14 Sep 2015