How Do I Prepare for a Bronchoscopy?
Your stomach needs to be empty before the bronchoscopy to lessen certain risks, such as vomiting during the procedure. You will be told not to eat or drink anything (not even water) for six hours before your appointment. If you are taking any type of medication, ask your doctor whether you need to stop taking it beforehand. (If your doctor says it's okay to take your regular medications, you may drink a little water to take them.) If you have diabetes, your doctor may need to adjust your medication dose before and after the procedure.
Before the bronchoscopy begins, you will be given a small amount of sedative intravenously in your hand or arm. As noted previously, you will receive a local anesthetic for your nose and/or throat to help prevent coughing and gagging. If it is needed, you may receive additional sedation through the needle in your vein.
You will also be connected to a heart and blood pressure monitor to check your vital signs during the procedure.