Prevention of FIV

There is a vaccine to help prevent FIV infection; however, use of the vaccine is somewhat controversial, as not all vaccinated cats are fully protected and vaccination may have an impact on future FIV test results. Cat owners should discuss the advantages and disadvantages of vaccination with their veterinarian.

Other ways to help prevent transmission of FIV include the following:

  • Neuter male cats. Neutered males are less aggressive and free roaming than non-neutered males, and their risk of contracting FIV is lower.
  • Keep cats indoors (especially at night) to reduce their risk of exposure to infected cats.
  • Report stray cats to the local animal shelter or animal control agency.

Publication Review By: the Editorial Staff at

Published: 01 Mar 2001

Last Modified: 16 Dec 2014