Prevention of FIP

Common household soaps, detergents, and disinfectants readily neutralize the FIP virus. An inexpensive preparation is a solution of 4 ounces of household bleach mixed with 1 gallon of water (a 1:32 solution). This will disinfect any surface an infected cat contacts, including clothing.

Litter boxes should be scooped daily, and the litter discarded and the box thoroughly disinfected weekly. No more than two cats should use one box, and the cats should use that box only.

Food and water should be changed daily, and the feeding bowls disinfected weekly. Food dishes and water dishes should not be shared.

Limit the number of new cats brought into the household. Isolate each new cat for at least a month, and watch it carefully for any sign of illness.

An infected, pregnant cat should be completely isolated from all other cats in a household. The room should be disinfected and kept empty for a week prior to occupancy. The cat should be quarantined for 10 to 14 days with her own disinfected food bowls and litter box before delivery. Persons entering and leaving the isolation room should disinfect their hands thoroughly. If possible, the owner or cattery operator should wear separate clothing, such as a smock and slippers, every time they enter the room to decrease the risk of spreading the infection.

Early weaning and isolation of kittens from an infected mother is advised. Kittens should be raised in complete isolation from the mother and all other cats/kittens in the household. If the kitten is to remain in the cattery, it should be isolated for 16 weeks.

Publication Review By: the Editorial Staff at

Published: 01 Oct 2001

Last Modified: 16 Dec 2014