Foot Pain Diagnosis
A personal and family medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests (e.g., imaging tests, blood tests) may be used to help diagnose foot pain. A family history includes information about structural foot problems and other medical conditions, such as diabetes, gout, and arthritis in the patient's family.
A medical history includes information about the following:
- Additional symptoms (e.g., swelling, redness, numbness, warmth)
- Circumstances surrounding the pain's onset (e.g., sudden or gradual, whether an injury occurred)
- Exact location of the pain
- Severity of the pain
- Whether pain worsens or improves with rest or with activity
During a physical examination, the physician assesses the feet, legs and back. The position of the body as a whole (posture), the position of the body while standing (stance), and the manner of walking (gait) are also evaluated.
X-rays can be used to rule out fractures and other conditions (e.g., arthritis) and to determine bone density. Blood tests may be performed to detect conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis).