Laparoscopic colon surgery is a common technique. Advantages of laparoscopy include the following:
- Colon function normalizes faster
- Faster recovery time and shorter hospitalization
- Less postoperative pain
- Quicker return to normal activities
- Smaller scar
The surgeon makes about four or five small one-half inch long incisions. A laparoscope (a tiny telescope attached to a video camera) is inserted into one of the openings, allowing the surgeon to see inside the abdomen. Instruments are inserted through the other incisions and are used to remove the diseased section of bowel and reattach the healthy segments (end-to-end anastomosis). A slightly larger incision is usually made to remove the diseased section of colon from the body.
Laparoscopic colon resection takes 2 to 3 hours to perform. The patient may be out of the operating room more quickly than after open colon surgery, because there is no large incision to suture.