Treatment for Nasopharyngeal Cancer
Radiation therapy is the standard treatment for almost all nasopharyngea cancers. Due to the high likelihood of lymph node involvement, treatment usually includes radiation therapy to both sides of the neck.
In advanced forms of the disease, radiation alone is rarely sufficient to control tumor growth. Patients with advanced tumors typically are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation, followed by adjuvant chemotherapy—additional drug treatment for patients whose cancers are thought to have spread outside their original sites.
If the patient's cancer returns at the same site as the original (primary) tumor, or in another location, after it had disappeared, or if metastasis (spreading) is present, consideration should be given to a course of chemotherapy using single agents such as Cisplatin, methotrexate, bleomycin, adriamycin and epirubicin.