Lifestyle measures are crucial to reduce your risk of a heart attack. The aim of lifestyle measures is to control the risk factors that can be changed. Even when medication is required to lower your cholesterol levels or blood pressure, lifestyle measures can help make medication more effective and may allow you to take a smaller dose, which can reduce the risk of side effects.
The most effective lifestyle measures for preventing a heart attack are quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and engaging in regular physical activity. Achieving and maintaining a healthy body weight, drinking alcohol in moderation, reducing stress, and getting an annual flu shot are important as well.