Causes of Hematuria

Many conditions are associated with hematuria. The most common causes include the following:

  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH; enlarged prostate) in men over 40
  • Kidney stones and bladder stones
  • Kidney disease
  • Medications (e.g., quinine, rifampin, phenytoin)
  • Prostate infection or inflammation (prostatitis)
  • Trauma (e.g., a blow to the kidneys)
  • Tumors and/or cancer in the urinary system
  • Urinary tract blockages
  • Viral infections of the urinary tract and sexually transmitted diseases, particularly in women

There are rare diseases and genetic disorders that also cause hematuria. Some of these are:

  • Sickle cell anemia (inherited blood disorder)
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus; chronic inflammatory disorder of connective tissue)
  • von Hippel-Landau disease (hereditary disease in which benign tumors form on the spinal cord, kidneys, testicles, and other organs)

Publication Review By: Stacy J. Childs, M.D., Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 15 Jun 1998

Last Modified: 16 Jan 2015