Follow-Up for Hemoptysis

Follow-up depends on the cause and severity of the hemoptysis. Patients should discuss the need for return appointments with the physician.

If, for example, a mild case of hemoptysis due to bronchitis, TB, or bronchiecstasis becomes chronic after treatment with antibiotics, a different antibiotic may be needed or more aggressive treatment may be necessary.

If the underlying cause of the hemoptysis is unknown (cryptogenic hemoptysis), the hemoptysis should be carefully monitored for 2–3 years following initial treatment. This monitoring may involve routine chest x-rays.

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 31 May 2000

Last Modified: 18 Sep 2015