Diagnosis of Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoid diagnosis usually involves a simple examination of the anal and rectal area. During the physical exam, the physician often uses a gloved finger to check for swollen tissue and any other abnormalities. If internal hemorrhoids are suspected, the physician may use a lighted device (e.g., proctoscope, anoscope) to examine the rectal area.
To rule out conditions other than hemorrhoids, other diagnostic tests may be performed. These tests include sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy, which involve using a lighted scope to examine the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract.