Conditions Treated Using Interventional Procedures

Coronary Artery Disease & Interventional Cardiology

The coronary arteries are responsible for supplying blood and oxygen to the heart. Coronary artery disease results from atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition in which plaque deposits collect on the artery walls, narrowing the artery and interfering with blood flow. If coronary heart disease is left untreated, patients can develop severe heart problems, including heart attack. Symptoms of coronary artery disease include chest pain, nausea, shortness of breath, perspiration, and weakness.

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) & Interventional Cardiology

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), also called peripheral vascular disease, results from atherosclerosis. This condition affects arteries that carry blood and oxygen to other parts of the body, such as the head, arms, legs, kidneys, and stomach. The most common symptom of peripheral arterial disease is pain in the legs, toes, or feet. PAD can lead to heart attack, stroke, and reduced blood flow resulting in a need for amputation (surgical removal of a limb).

Heart Valve Disease & Interventional Cardiology

Heart valve disease occurs when one or more of the heart's valves do not work properly, forcing the heart to pump harder and hindering blood circulation to other parts of the body. Rheumatic fever, heart attack, infection, and congenital birth defects are common causes for heart valve disease. Symptoms include heart murmur, fatigue, shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness or fainting, and swelling in the legs and or ankles.

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 26 Mar 2009

Last Modified: 01 Oct 2010