Prevention of Meningitis

Immunization with the vaccines listed below is the most effective way to prevent meningitis:

  • Haemophilus influenzae type b
  • MMR (measles, mumps, rubella)
  • Neisseria meningitides (ages 9 months and older)
  • Neisseria meningitides serogroup B (ages 10 through 25)
  • Pneumococcal (children aged 2 and younger)
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Varicella (chickenpox)

These vaccinations may be given as a series (e.g., in two or three doses).

Medications such as rifampin (Rifadin), ceftriaxone (Duricef), and ciprofloxacin (Cipro) may be used to prevent the development of bacterial meningitis in people exposed to the disease.

Updated by Remedy Health Media

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 30 Dec 2001

Last Modified: 25 Sep 2015