Diagnosis of Migraines

Diagnosis of migraine is based on the history of symptoms, physical examination, and neurological tests. The tests are performed to rule out other neurological and cerebrovascular conditions, including the following:

  • Bleeding within the skull (intracranial hemorrhage)
  • Blood clot within the membrane that covers the brain (cerebral venous sinus thrombosis)
  • Cerebral stroke (infarct)
  • Dilated blood vessel in the brain (cerebral aneurysm)
  • Excess cerebrospinal fluid in the brain (hydrocephalus)
  • Inflammation of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord (meningitis)
  • Low level of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF)
  • Nasal sinus blockage
  • Postictal headache, which occurs after a stroke or seizure
  • Tumor

Publication Review By: Sandeep K. Aggarwal, M.D.

Published: 31 Dec 2001

Last Modified: 25 Sep 2015