Prevention of Migraines

Avoiding triggers, managing stress, and taking prophylactic medications can help prevent migraine headaches. Keeping a migraine journal can help identify triggers and gauge the effectiveness of preventive measures. Patients should monitor the following:

  • Activities
  • Emotional factors (e.g. stressful situations)
  • Environmental factors (e.g., weather, altitude changes)
  • Foods and beverages
  • Medications (over-the-counter and prescription)
  • Migraine characteristics (e.g., severity, length)
  • Physical factors (e.g., illness, fatigue)
  • Sleep patterns

Stress management techniques (e.g., biofeedback, hypnosis) and stress-reducing activities (e.g., meditation, yoga, exercise) may help prevent migraines.

Publication Review By: Sandeep K. Aggarwal, M.D.

Published: 01 Jan 2002

Last Modified: 25 Sep 2015