Other MS Treatments

MS & Psychotherapy

The central nervous system abnormalities associated with MS and the psychological and social impact of the disorder often result in mood swings and depression. MS support groups, counseling, and/or antidepressants (e.g., amitriptyline, clomipramine, nortriptyline) may be helpful.

MS & Rehabilitation

Treatment for MS may also include physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy. Physical therapy uses exercises to help strengthen muscles, reduce pain and spasticity, and improve balance and walking. Assistive devices (e.g., canes, braces, walkers) may be used to help patients remain as independent as possible.

Occupational therapy increases independent function in activities of daily living that focus on grooming, dressing, eating, driving, and handwriting. Adaptations in the work and home environment (e.g., shower chairs, hand rails, ramps) are based on patient needs.

Speech therapy may be helpful if slurred speech (dysarthria) or difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) develops.

Publication Review By: Jean-Raphael Schneider, M.D.

Published: 31 Dec 1999

Last Modified: 25 Sep 2015