Along with bone-strengthening medications, preventing falls is a crucial component of fracture prevention in people with osteoporosis. There are a number of simple steps you can take to reduce the likelihood of falling.
- First, make sure that your floors are clear of any obstacles such as area rugs or extension cords.
- Hallways, stairwells, and bathrooms should be well lit (especially at night).
- Avoid walking in stocking feet and have hand rails installed along both sides of staircases to make stairs safer.
- Grab bars in showers and bathtubs are highly recommended.
Be sure that your eyeglasses or contact lens prescriptions are up to date. Review your medications with your doctor; some medications can increase the risk of falls by impairing balance and alertness. In some cases, lightly padded hip protectors may be recommended; these can reduce the risk of a hip fracture in the case of a fall.
Another way to reduce the risk of falls is to improve your muscle strength through resistance training and your balance through yoga or tai chi exercises. Check with a physical therapist or certified trainer to get recommendations that are appropriate and safe for you.