The expected outcome (prognosis) for children who have scoliosis varies, depending on the type and severity of the condition and the child's age and overall health. Mild idiopathic scoliosis that develops in older children and adolescents often resolves without treatment. Moderate-to-severe cases usually can be treated successfully with bracing or surgery.
In other types of scoliosis, the prognosis depends on whether the underlying cause (e.g., injury, infection, congenital condition, neuromuscular disease) can be treated. Except in cases that involve severe, untreatable conditions, scoliosis usually does not cause serious complications or reduce life expectancy.
Scoliosis cannot be prevented in all cases. To help maintain good health, children should be sure to eat a healthy diet, exercise daily, and get enough rest. Weight-bearing exercise, such as walking, running, soccer, basketball, and gymnastics can help children's bones stay strong, but has not been shown to prevent scoliosis or to reduce progression of the condition.