Prevention of Stomach Cancer
Stomach cancer cannot be prevented in all cases. As with most types of cancer, reducing stomach cancer risk involves making healthy lifestyle choices and limiting exposure to environmental factors thought to be associated with the condition. This may be difficult, since gastric cancer causes are not well understood.
Dietary risk factors can be managed. Individuals, especially those in risk groups, should eat an adequate amount of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
In addition, high-fat foods and animal proteins should only be consumed moderately. Most importantly, individuals should minimize their intake of dried, salty foods.
Some researchers believe that there are environmental exposures that can predispose an individual to develop some forms of gastric cancer and that genetic factors may play a role in others. More investigation is needed in these areas.
Future research may shed more light on the causes of gastric cancer and possibly lead to more effective preventive measures.