Recovery and rehabilitation are import aspects of stroke treatment. In some cases, undamaged areas of the brain may be able to perform functions that were lost when the stroke occurred.
Rehabilitation includes physical therapy, speech therapy, and occupational therapy. Physical therapy involves using exercise and other physical means (e.g., massage, heat) to help patients regain the use of their arms and legs and prevent muscle stiffness in patients with permanent paralysis.
Speech therapy helps patients regain the ability to speak. Occupational therapy helps patients regain independent function and relearn basic skills (e.g., buttoning a shirt, preparing a meal, bathing).