Symptoms of Transient Ischemic Attack
- Sudden weakness, tingling, or numbness, usually affecting only one side of the body
- Changes in sensation, such as pressure, touch, hearing, temperature, pain and taste
- Double vision or temporary blindness in one eye
- Loosing control over the bladder or bowels
- Speech difficulty
- Personality or mood swings
- Dizziness and loss of balance or coordination
- Swallowing difficulty
- Lightheadedness, confusion or amnesia
- Reading or writing difficulty
- Headache or eye pain
- Inability to recognize sensory stimuli (agnosia)
- Patient history and physical examination are needed to rule out other disorders such as epileptic seizures and migraines.
- Blood tests are taken to rule out disorders like hypoglycemia.
- Imaging studies may be done, such as MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the brain or ultrasound scans of the carotid arteries.
- An echocardiogram can be performed to check if there’s a blood clot from the heart.
- Cerebral arteriography (injection of a contrast material into the blood vessels supplying the brain to highlight them during x-ray imaging) may be performed in some cases.
- Carotid duplex (ultrasound) can be used check if the carotid arteries in the neck have narrowed.
Johns Hopkins Symptoms and Remedies: The Complete Home Medical Reference
Simeon Margolis, M.D., Ph.D., Medical Editor
Prepared by the Editors of The Johns Hopkins Medical Letter: Health After 50
Updated by Remedy Health Media