Diagnosis of Testicular Pain

Doctors may use the following tests to determine the cause of pain in the testicles or scrotum:

  • Physical examination
  • Ultrasound of testicles
  • Urinalysis
  • Examination of prostate secretions

Depending on the initial findings and the patient history, additional tests may be used. These tests include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, prostate exam, urethral smear (to check for presence of chlamydia and gonorrhea), blood tests, and testicular scan.

Exploratory surgery may be necessary if testicular torsion cannot be ruled out by other tests.

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 14 May 2007

Last Modified: 06 Oct 2015