Treatment for Testicular Pain

Treatment for testicular or scrotal pain depends on the diagnosis. It may involve:

  • Self-care at home
  • Pain relief medication
  • Antibiotics for a bacterial infection
  • Untwisting of the testicles by a doctor
  • Surgery (e.g., to treat testicular torsion, hernia, varicocele)

Self-care for scrotal pain may include over-the-counter pain relievers (e.g., ibuprofen), applying ice to the scrotum, reduced activity, placing a rolled towel under the scrotum while lying down, and wearing scrotal support.

Prevention of Testicular Pain

Some types of testicular or scrotal pain can be prevented. The following measures may be helpful:

  • Practice safer sex to avoid sexually transmitted infections.
  • Protect the scrotal area from injury by wearing a protective cup or athletic supporter while playing sports.
  • Limit repetitive stress on the perineum and pudendal nerve, which may occur with excessive bicycling or weight-lifting.
  • Perform regular testicular self-exams for early detection of tumors.
  • Promptly treat urinary tract infections (UTIs) and prostatitis, and address any underlying causes.
  • Learn about prevention of urinary tract infections and kidney stones.

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 14 May 2007

Last Modified: 06 Oct 2015