Postsurgical Complications

Postoperative complications of bladder augmentation include urine leakage, continued incontinence, and kidney problems. Long-term risks include bladder stones, bladder cancer, and incontinence during and after pregnancy.

Possible adverse effects of sacral nerve stimulation include the following:

  • Change in bowel function
  • Infection
  • Lead movement
  • Pain at implant sites
  • Unpleasant stimulation or sensation

Publication Review By: Paul A. Hatcher, MD, FACS, Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 09 Jun 1998

Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015