Signs and Symptoms of Varicocele

Most men who have a varicocele have no symptoms. Asymptomatic (i.e., symptom-free) cases are often diagnosed during a routine physical examination.

Signs and symptoms include the following:

  • Ache in the testicle
  • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • Infertility
  • Shrinkage (atrophy) of the testicle(s)
  • Visible or palpable (able to be felt) enlarged vein

Recurrent or constant discomfort or pain in the genital region should be reported to a urologist or primary care physician to determine the cause.

Publication Review By: David M. Kaufman, M.D., Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 09 Jun 1998

Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015