Other Causes of Vertigo

Central vestibular disorders that may cause vertigo include the following:

  • Cardiovascular disorders (e.g., bradycardia [slowed heart rate], tachycardia [rapid heart rate])
  • Central nervous system (CNS) disorders (e.g., stroke [brain attack], brain hemorrhage)
  • Head trauma
  • Migraine (30–50 percent of patients experience vertigo)
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS; may occur when demyelination affects the brainstem or cerebellum)
  • Orthostatic hypotension (sharp decrease in blood pressure upon rising from a lying or sitting position to a standing position; caused by diabetes, dehydration, and anemia)
  • Systemic diseases (e.g., kidney disease, thyroid disorders)
  • Tumors that affect the central vestibular system (e.g., acoustic neuroma)

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 02 Jan 2000

Last Modified: 20 Feb 2014