Signs and Symptoms of VUR

The most common symptom of VUR is urinary tract infection (UTI). Other signs and symptoms can include the following:

  • Bedwetting (nocturnal enuresis)
  • Collection of urine in the renal pelvis (hydronephrosis), which may cause distention in the abdomen
  • Failure to thrive
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) caused by kidney damage
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Protein in the urine (proteinuria)

VUR Complications

Untreated VUR provides access for bacteria to enter the kidneys and may result in kidney infection (pyelonephritis), kidney damage, and progressive renal (kidney) failure.

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 09 Jun 1998

Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015