Well-Child Checkups for Pre-School Children

Once a child reaches age two, he or she still needs regular checkups. Usually, these visits are just once a year—around the child's birthday. During this exam, the pediatrician measures height and weight, blood pressure (instead of head circumference), and body mass index (BMI).

The doctor also performs a lung, chest, and genitalia exam, and evaluates the child's reflexes. The child's vision and hearing also are checked. Pediatricians usually begin to look for signs of developmental disorders or autism at this age.

During toddler and preschooler wellness exams, pediatricians often discuss key developmental milestones with the parents or caregivers. These milestones include the ability to sort objects by shape and color (ages 2–3) and the ability to dress and undress (ages 3–5). The child's pediatrician also may speak with the parents about positive parenting choices, such as the importance of reading to the child and allowing the child to help with simple chores.

Publication Review By: Stanley J. Swierzewski, III, M.D.

Published: 27 Aug 2008

Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015